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Faculty & Research


Exploring the Role of Firms in the Decline of the Gender Wage Gap over the Past Two Decades

Working Paper
While the gender gap in firm pay premiums is well documented, the evidence on how it has evolved over time and its contribution to the decline in the gender wage gap is mixed. The authors leverage new comprehensive employer-employee data and three distinct methodologies to answer these questions. The authors find that 20% of the decline in the hourly wage gender gap between 2002 and 2019 in France comes from a convergence in the sorting of men and women across firms. This is driven by women increasingly sorting into industries hosting higher-wage firms, rather than gaining access to better firms within industries.

Assistant Professor of Economics

Professor of Economics