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Research & Learning Hub

Open Access

What is Open Access?

“Open Access refers to online, free of cost access to peer reviewed scientific content with limited copyright and licensing restrictions”


click to enlarge

Graph & definition from FOSTER Facilitate Open Science Training for European Research

Open Access Routes

There are two routes to open access; the open access journals and the open access repositories or open archives.

  • The Gold route to open access is delivered via publishing an article in a journal. The journal may be an open access journal (pure open access), or a subscription based journal (hybrid open access) that offers an open access option. OA journals perform peer review
    Publication fees: The model is to charge a fee upon acceptance of an article for publication. The bill may go to the author, but is often paid by the author's funder or employer rather than by the author out of pocket. Hence this model is sometimes, misleadingly, called the "author pays" or "author fee" model. The fee is sometimes called a "processing fee" or an "article processing charge" (APC).

    Other models:
    - Subsidy
    - Freemium
    For a list of OA journals in all fields and languages, see the Directory of Open Access Journals.
  • The Green route to open access is delivered via self-archiving (depositing) an output into a repository. OA archives do not perform peer review.
    There are two types of repositories, general and subject repositories.
General repositories  


Subject repositories

PubMed Central

Best Practice Guide

Open Access @ INSEAD

The Couperin Consortium, which includes INSEAD, has negotiated with major publishers to establish an agreement supporting authors who wish to publish in open access journals. Under this agreement, the cost of publishing in eligible hybrid and fully gold journals is covered, waiving the article publishing charge (APC) for qualified authors.

Learn more and check your eligibility for the Elsevier agreement here and for the Wiley agreement here.

If you have decided to publish in an OA journal, you will have to choose under which licencing options. INSEAD recommends using the CC BY-NC-ND license.

Selected INSEAD OA articles:

Open Access Plugins

These tools can help you find Open Access articles

for Chrome – Firefox

Google Scholar Button
for Chrome – Firefox

Endnote Click / Kopernio

Open Access Button

Further Reading

  • Horizon 2020 The EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation

All beneficiaries of H2020 funding must provide Open Access (free of charge, online access for any user) to all peer-reviewed publications by depositing them into a repository.