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Faculty & Research


Choosing to Disagree: Endogenous Dismissiveness and Overconfidence in Financial Markets

Journal Article
The psychology literature documents that individuals derive current utility from their beliefs about future events. The authors show that, as a result, investors in financial markets choose to disagree about both private information and price information. When objective price informativeness is low, each investor dismisses the private signals of others and ignores price information. In contrast, when prices are sufficiently informative, heterogeneous interpretations arise endogenously: most investors ignore prices, while the rest condition on it The authors' analysis demonstrates how observed deviations from rational expectations (e.g., dismissiveness, overconfidence) arise endogenously, interact with each other, and vary with economic conditions.

Associate Professor of Finance