Report | August 2019
The Global Innovation Index 2019: Creating Healthy Lives—The Future of Medical Innovation is the result of a collaboration between Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) as co-publishers, and their Knowledge Partners.The report and any opinions expressed in this publication are the sole responsibility of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of WIPO Member States or the WIPO Secretariat. The terms ‘country’, ‘economy’, and ‘nation’ as used in this report do not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice.The terms cover well-defined, geographically self-contained economic areas that may not be states but for which statistical data are maintained on a separate and independent basis. Any boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on any visual maps, do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by any of the co-publishers. Chapters 2-17 may deviate from UN terminology for countries and regions.