- LoginAccess your ApplicationOr learn more about our programmes and applyAccess MyINSEAD
Disaster Management;Humanitarian Operations; Humanitarian Logistics;Supply Chain Management;System Dynamics
Besiou M., Pedraza Martinez A., Van Wassenhove L. (2014). Vehicle Supply Chains in Humanitarian Operations: Decentralization, Operational Mix, and Earmarked Funding Production and Operations Management, 23(11), pp. 1950-1965.
The work of international humanitarian organizations (IHOs) frequently involves operating in remote locations, decentralized decision-making, and the simultaneous implementation of development and disaster response programs. A large proportion of this work is funded by “earmarked” donations, since donors often exhibit a preference for the programs they are willing to fund.From extensive research involving qualitative descriptions and quantitative data, and applying system dynamics methodology, the authors model vehicle supply chains (VSCs) in support of humanitarian field operations.The efforts encompass the often-overlooked decentralized environment by incorporating the three different VSC structures that IHOs operate, as well as examining the entire mix of development and disaster response programs, and the specific (and virtually unexplored) effects of earmarked funding.The results suggest that earmarked funding causes a real—and negative—operational impact on humanitarian disaster response programs in a decentralized setting.