Professor of Economics and Political Science
Closely held corporations; Ownership structure; Control dilution; Controlling coalition; One-share–one vote;
JOURNAL ARTICLE | Journal of Financial Economics | 58 | October 2000
The Balance of Power in Closely Held Corporations
The authors analyze a closely held corporation characterized by the absence of a resale market for its shares. They show that the founder of the firm can optimally choose an ownership structure with several large shareholders to force them to form coalitions to obtain control.By grouping member cash flows, a coalition internalizes to a larger extent the consequences of its actions and hence takes more efficient actions than would any of its individual members.The model has implications for the optimal bundling of cash flow and voting rights, and for the optimal number and size of shareholders.