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Professor of Economics
Hoynes H., Stabile M. (2019). How Do the US and Canadian Social Safety Nets Compare for Women and Children? Journal of Labor Economics, 37(S2), pp. 253-288.
The past quarter-century has seen substantial change in the social safety nets for families with children in the United States and Canada. Both countries have moved away from cash welfare, but the United States has relied more on work requirements.The authors examine the implications for the employment and poverty of low-educated single mothers.The authors find that employment improved substantially in both countries, absolutely and relative to a control group of single women without children. Poverty rates also declined in both countries, with more of the decline coming through market income in the United States and benefit income in Canada.