Humanitarian; Case-based; Transportation; Supply chain; IAF 10/11; IAF 2800054;
Transportation is the second largest overhead cost to humanitarian organizations after personnel. Academic knowledge about fleet management in humanitarian operations is scarce.Using a multiple case research design the authors study field vehicle fleet management (Field VFM) in four large international humanitarian organizations (IHO): the International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the World Food Programme and World Vision International.The authors' field research includes more than 40 interviews at headquarters, regional and national level in Africa, the Middle East and Europe. The paper answers three research questions: (1) How do IHO manage their field vehicle fleets? (2) What are the critical factors affecting IHO field VFM? (3) How does field VFM affect in-country programme delivery?The contribution of this research is twofold. First, it helps to fill the existing gap in the humanitarian literature regarding field VFM. Second, it expands the fleet management literature to a new and virtually unexplored area.