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Professor of Entrepreneurship
Winner, 2019 IACBM-RRBM Award for Responsible Research in Management, Academy of Management
Runner-up, Academy of Management 2019 Journal Best Article
Community Resilience; Disasters; Institutional Legacies
Rao H., Greve H. (2018). Disasters and Community Resilience: Spanish Flu and the Formation of Retail Cooperatives in Norway Academy of Management Journal, 61(1), pp. 5-25.
Why are some communities resilient in the face of disasters, and why are others unable to recover? The authors suggest that two mechanisms matter: the framing of the cause of the disaster, and the community civic capacity to form diverse non-profits.The authors propose that disasters that are attributed to other community members weaken cooperation and reduce the formation of new cooperatives that serve the community, unlike disasters attributed to chance or to nature, which strengthen cooperation and increase the creation of cooperatives.They analyze the Spanish Flu, a contagious disease that was attributed to infected individuals, and compare it with spring frost, which damaged crops and was attributed to nature. Their measure of resilience is whether the community members could form retail cooperatives - a non-profit community organization.They find that communities hit by the Spanish Flu during the period 1918-1919 were unable to form new retail cooperatives in the short and long run after the epidemic, but this effect was reduced over time and countered by civic capacity. Implications for research on disasters and institutional legacies are outlined.