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Professor of Finance
Research and Development; Innovation; Government; Subsidies; Anti-corruption
Fang L., Lerner J., Wu C., Zhang Q. (2022) (Published Online). Anticorruption, Government Subsidies, and Innovation: Evidence from China Management Science
The authors leverage an exogenous shock - the crackdown on corrupt Chinese officials beginning in 2012 - and examine how the allocation of research subsidies and innovative outcomes were affected. They argue that the staggered removal of provincial heads on corruption charges during China’s anticorruption campaign and the unanticipated departures of local government officials responsible for innovation programs led to plausibly exogenous reductions in corruption.After both events, the allocation of subsidies became more sensitive to firm merit than to corruption and subsidies became more strongly associated with future innovation. Anticorruption efforts and officials’ career incentives improved the efficacy of subsidy programs.