The growing number of calls to focus more research attention on macro talent management (MTM) stems from the fact that organizational talent management is strongly embedded in national contexts, with their different labor market norms, educational systems, and cultural and institutional traditions.This chapter provides a conceptualization of MTM via a construct of talent competitiveness (TC), which refers to the set of policies and practices, as well as the enabling context, that allow a country or a city to attract, develop and retain the human capital that contributes to its prosperity. The objective of the TC construct is to facilitate systematic understanding of how talent is managed at the country (or city) level by connecting micro, meso and macro factors.The TC framework is based on an input-output reasoning. The input side looks at the ‘levers’ that facilitate developing, attracting and empowering talent in a country. The output side looks at the stock of human capital of nations and the economic value it produces. The framework becomes the basis for an empirical model to benchmark and assess the performance of countries on the different input and output dimensions of talent.