This chapter reviews how well the Denmark is positioned in an era of increasing globalization, especially from perspectives relating to human resource management. Various hypotheses were formalized and then tested and elaborated via dialogues with leading Danish business figures, politicians, futurologists and academics. The theme running through the chapter is paradox.The Danes have managed internationalization well until now, but their inward-looking "tribal" characteristics risks leaving them outside the race. They are world-class in some aspects of people management, but they have neglected other aspects of HRM, particularly the systematic leadership development that global corporations need.They have faced up well to the early challenges of developing a more flexible society, but the divide between the public and private sector risks being a handicap. Denmark, on various measures, is the country in the world that is most attached to social equality, but there are signs that this could in the future lead to a focus on mediocrity.